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Serbia and the ICTY: How Effective Is EU Conditionality? College of Europe EU Diplomacy Paper 6/2009, September 2009

Dobbels, Mathias. (2009) Serbia and the ICTY: How Effective Is EU Conditionality? College of Europe EU Diplomacy Paper 6/2009, September 2009. [Working Paper]

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    Over the past two decades conditionality has moved to the heart of the European Union’s (EU) foreign policy and is one of the key instruments of the enlargement policy. This paper looks into one specific aspect of the EU’s conditionality vis-à-vis the Republic of Serbia, namely the demand for cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). This paper aims to assess the extent to which the EU’s policy of ‘ICTY conditionality’ has been effective. By using the ‘external incentives model’ as the main theoretical framework, and supplementing it with insights of scholars who have studied past enlargements, I will identify and evaluate the main factors determining the success of this specific case of conditionality. I will demonstrate that, at times, the EU has been effective in employing ‘ICTY conditionality’, but that this has not been consistently so. I argue that on the EU’s side, the uncertainty concerning eventual membership and the lack of consistency in applying conditionality are the main factors undermining the policy’s effectiveness. On the Serbian side, the great political costs entailed by cooperation, and the lack of political will to reform the structures of certain veto players are hindrances for a policy of full cooperation with the Tribunal. This paper shows that conditionality is indeed a two-way process and that effectiveness is as much determined by the setter of the condition as by the target state. Moreover, by viewing this case as part of the broader policy of conditionality the EU has set out for aspiring members, the analysis will pinpoint some of the changing dynamics in the enlargement policy and contribute to the existing literature in this field.

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    Item Type: Working Paper
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > External relations > common foreign & security policy 1993--(includes CSDP)
    EU policies and themes > Treaty reform > enlargement
    Countries > Serbia/Montenegro (to June 2006)
    Countries > Yugoslavia (former)
    EU policies and themes > External relations > conflict resolution/crisis management
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > College of Europe (Brugge) > EU Diplomacy Paper
    Depositing User: Professor Sieglinde Gstoehl
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2009
    Page Range: p. 35
    Last Modified: 15 Feb 2011 18:15

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